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史上100部最伟大的喜剧

 只有悲剧才有震撼人心的力量?在评判电影时,我们常常忽视喜剧的艺术价值。BBC今年邀请来自6大洲的数百名影评人评选出史上百部最伟大的喜剧,至少你可以从中找出能博你一笑的电影。

 

BBC推荐:史上100部最伟大的喜剧

 

“Why so serious?”
“干嘛这么严肃呢?”

The Joker’s catchphrase was the most common response to BBC Culture’s poll of 177 critics last year to determine the 100 greatest films of the 21st Century. Very few comedies made that list, apart from Wes Anderson’s confections and a few Pixar romps. That canon of modern classics showed how very often ‘what makes us laugh’ is neglected when assessing cinematic greatness. Is shedding a tear while watching a film a more valuable emotional response than a chuckle?
2016年,BBC文化板块召集了177名评论家票选21世纪最伟大的100部电影,而这句小丑(美国DC漫画旗下超级反派)的经典台词成为了公众的普遍反应。除了维斯•安德森的几部精品和皮克斯的几部喜剧动画,几乎没有喜剧入围2016年的这份榜单。现代经典的标准表明,我们经常忽视“让我们笑”其实也是评判电影伟大与否的标准之一。观影时,流泪就一定是比欢笑更有价值的情绪反馈吗?

It’s certainly true that the Academy Awards have routinely overlooked comedy. Of the 89 winners for best picture, only seven can really be called comedies: It Happened One NightYou Can’t Take It With YouAround the World in 80 DaysThe ApartmentTom JonesAnnie Hall, and Birdman.
显而易见的是,奥斯卡金像奖经常忽视喜剧。89部最佳影片中,只有7部可以真正被称为喜剧:《一夜风流》、《浮生若梦》、《环游世界八十天》、《公寓春光》、《汤姆•琼斯》、《安妮•霍尔》和《鸟人》。

So this year BBC Culture decided to get serious about comedy. We asked 253 film critics – 118 women and 135 men – from 52 countries and six continents a simple: “What do you think are the 10 best comedies of all time?” Films from any country made since cinema was invented were eligible, and BBC Culture did nothing to define in advance what a comedy is; we left that to each of the critics to decide. As always, we urged the experts to go with their heart and pick personal favourites, films that are part of their lives, not just the ones that meet some ideal of greatness.
所以今年BBC文化版块决定对喜剧严肃一些。我们收集了来自6大洲52个国家共计253名影评人(118名女性,135名男性)关于“你心目中最伟大的10部喜剧”的意见。自电影发明以来的任何国家的电影都可以,BBC文化也从未事先定义何为喜剧;我们将此自由留给每一个影评人。我们一如既往地主张影评人追随内心,选择个人最爱的、已成为他们生活中一部分的电影,而非仅仅符合“伟大”理念的电影。

And guess what? Only three of those best picture-winning comedies made the top 100. But, in a surprise, quite a few comedies made since 2000 made the cut, even if they had been overlooked in our 100 greatest films of the 21st Century list last year. The highest-ranked film of this century is Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy at number 33. Toni Erdmann is the most recent film to make the top 100, while Safety Last! is the oldest.
你猜怎么着?在曾获得奥斯卡最佳影片奖的喜剧中,只有三部入围本次榜单的前100。不过,令人意外的是,很多本世纪制作的喜剧进入了榜单,尽管它们去年并未入围21世纪100部最伟大电影。本世纪制作的喜剧中排名最高的是《王牌播音员》,位列33名。《颠父人生》是榜单中最“年轻”的电影,最“老”的则是《安全至下》。

The results are illuminating in other ways. They show that men and women have very similar comedic tastes, with a few key points of divergence – women were much more inclined to vote for Clueless while guys stumped for Animal House. And there’s evidence that comedy is not universal, that what’s considered a joke in English dialogue may not survive translation, and certain regions of the world find some films funnier than critics in other regions do. In fact, if the results had just been confined to critics from the US and Canada an entirely different film would have topped the list. It was largely because of the critics from Europe, East Asia and Latin America that Some Like It Hot was ultimately crowned number one. We hope this list will help comedy receive the artistic consideration it deserves. Or at the very least, that it will inspire you to discover films to put a smile on your face.
从其他角度看,这份榜单也颇具启示意义。男性和女性的喜剧口味基本类似,只有少量不同点:女性倾向于《独领风骚》,而男性更偏爱《动物屋》。有证据表明,喜剧并不具有普世性,把英语中的笑话翻译成其他语言可能就失去了笑点,不同地区对电影的逗乐程度也有不同的评价。事实上,如果只让美国和加拿大的影评人来评价的话,就可能是其他电影在榜单中名列前茅了。而在本次评选中,有很多来自欧洲、东亚和拉丁美洲的影评人,因此《热情似火》最终摘得桂冠。我们希望这份榜单能够引起人们对喜剧艺术价值的足够关注,或者至少帮你找到一些能博你一笑的电影。

100.(并列)《喜剧之王》The King of Comedy (Martin Scorsese, 1982)

100. 《猎艳高手》 The Ladies Man (Jerry Lewis, 1961)

99. 《大笨蛋》 The Jerk (Carl Reiner, 1979)

98. 《宿醉》 The Hangover (Todd Phillips, 2009)

97. 《音乐盒》The Music Box (James Parrott, 1932)

96. 《绛帐海堂春》Born Yesterday (George Cukor, 1950)

95. 《捉鬼敢死队》Ghostbusters (Ivan Reitman, 1984)

94. 《青春年少》Rushmore (Wes Anderson, 1998)

93. 《南方公园》 South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut (Trey Parker, 1999)

92. 《泯灭天使》The Exterminating Angel (Luis Buñuel, 1962)

91. 《爱的大追踪》 What's Up, Doc? (Peter Bogdanovich, 1972)

90. 《求婚妙术》A New Leaf (Elaine May, 1971)

89. 《雏菊》Daisies (Vera Chytilová, 1966)

88. 《超级名模》Zoolander (Ben Stiller, 2001)

87. 《绅士爱美人》Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (Howard Hawks, 1953)

86. 《仁心与冠冕》Kind Hearts and Coronets (Robert Hamer, 1949)

85. 《阿玛柯德》Amarcord (Federico Fellini, 1973)

84. 《等待古夫曼》Waiting for Guffman (Christopher Guest, 1996)

83. 《安全至下》Safety Last! (Fred C Newmeyer and Sam Taylor, 1923)

82. 《笑破铁幕》Top Secret! (Jim Abrahams, David Zucker and Jerry Zucker, 1984)

81. 《我为玛丽狂》There's Something About Mary (Bobby and Peter Farrelly, 1998)

80. 《上班一条虫》Office Space (Mike Judge, 1999)

79. 《晚餐游戏》The Dinner Game (Francis Veber, 1998)

78. 《公主新娘》The Princess Bride (Rob Reiner, 1987)

77. 《意大利式离婚》Divorce Italian Style (Pietro Germi, 1961)

76. 《爱情无计》Design for Living (Ernst Lubitsch, 1933)

75. 《棕榈滩的故事》The Palm Beach Story (Preston Sturges, 1942)

74. 《颠倒乾坤》Trading Places (John Landis, 1983)

73. 《肥佬教授》The Nutty Professor (Jerry Lewis, 1963)

72. 《白头神探》The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! (David Zucker, 1988)

71. 《天才一族》The Royal Tenenbaums (Wes Anderson, 2001)

70. 《灵通人士》In the Loop (Armando Iannucci, 2009)

69. 《爱与死》Love and Death (Woody Allen, 1975)

68. 《妮诺奇嘉》Ninotchka (Ernst Lubitsch, 1939)

67. 《老瑞和哈迪之沙漠王子》Sons of the Desert (William A Seiter, 1933)

66. 《热血警探》Hot Fuzz (Edgar Wright, 2007)

65. 《疯狂高尔夫》Caddyshack (Harold Ramis, 1980)

64. 《非亲兄弟》Step Brothers (Adam McKay, 2008)

63. 《毒药与老妇》Arsenic and Old Lace (Frank Capra, 1944)

62. 《吸血鬼生活》What We Do in the Shadows (Jemaine Clement and Taika Waititi, 2014)

61. 《美国战队:世界警察》Team America: World Police (Trey Parker, 2004)

60. 《僵尸肖恩》Shaun of the Dead (Edgar Wright, 2004)

59. 《颠父人生》Toni Erdmann (Maren Ade, 2016)

58. 《西力传》Zelig (Woody Allen, 1983)

57. 《贱女孩》Mean Girls (Mark Waters, 2004)

56. 《广播新闻》Broadcast News (James L Brooks, 1987)

55. 《人狗对对碰》Best in Show (Christopher Guest, 2000)

54. 《哈洛与慕德》Harold and Maude (Hal Ashby, 1971)

53. 《福禄双霸天》The Blues Brothers (John Landis, 1980)

52. 《我的高德弗里》My Man Godfrey (Gregory La Cava, 1936)

51. 《七次机会》Seven Chances (Buster Keaton, 1925)

50. 《崩溃边缘的女人》Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (Pedro Almodóvar, 1988)

49. 《资产阶级的审慎魅力》The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (Luis Buñuel, 1972)

48. 《天堂里的烦恼》Trouble in Paradise (Ernst Lubitsch, 1932)

47. 《动物屋》Animal House (John Landis, 1978)

46. 《低俗小说》Pulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, 1994)

45. 《曼哈顿的大人物》Big Deal on Madonna Street (Mario Monicelli, 1958)

44. 《最爆伴娘团》Bridesmaids (Paul Feig, 2011)

43. 《陆军野战医院》M*A*S*H (Robert Altman, 1970)

42. 《春闺风月》The Awful Truth (Leo McCarey, 1937)

41. 《波拉特》Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (Larry Charles, 2006)

40. 《金牌制作人》The Producers (Mel Brooks, 1967)

39. 《歌声俪影》A Night at the Opera (Sam Wood and Edmund Goulding, 1935)

38. 《费城故事》The Philadelphia Story (George Cukor, 1940)

37. 《苏利文的旅行》Sullivan’s Travels (Preston Sturges, 1941)

36. 《一条叫旺达的鱼》A Fish Called Wanda (Charles Crichton and John Cleese, 1988)

35. 《雨中曲》Singin' in the Rain (Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly, 1952)

34. 《独领风骚》Clueless (Amy Heckerling, 1995)

33. 《王牌播音员》Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy (Adam McKay, 2004)

32. 《抚养亚历桑纳》Raising Arizona (Joel and Ethan Coen, 1987)

31. 《窈窕淑男》Tootsie (Sydney Pollack, 1982)

30. 《于洛先生的假期》Monsieur Hulot's Holiday (Jacques Tati, 1953)

29. 《当哈利碰上莎莉》When Harry Met Sally... (Rob Reiner, 1989)

28. 《一夜风流》It Happened One Night (Frank Capra, 1934)

27. 《公寓春光》The Apartment (Billy Wilder, 1960)

26. 《我的舅舅》Mon Oncle (Jacques Tati, 1958)

25. 《淘金记》The Gold Rush (Charlie Chaplin, 1925)

24. 《我与长指甲》Withnail and I (Bruce Robinson, 1987)

23. 《狂欢宴》The Party (Blake Edwards, 1968)

22. 《新科学怪人》Young Frankenstein (Mel Brooks, 1974)

21. 《城市之光》City Lights (Charlie Chaplin, 1931)

20. 《灼热的马鞍》Blazing Saddles (Mel Brooks, 1974)

19. 《淑女伊芙》The Lady Eve (Preston Sturges, 1941)

18. 《福尔摩斯二世》Sherlock Jr (Buster Keaton, 1924)

17. 《育婴奇谭》Bringing Up Baby (Howard Hawks, 1938)

16. 《大独裁者》The Great Dictator (Charlie Chaplin, 1940)

15. 《巨蟒与圣杯》Monty Python and the Holy Grail (Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones, 1975)

14. 《女友礼拜五》His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, 1940)

13. 《你逃我也逃》To Be or Not To Be (Ernst Lubitsch, 1942)

12. 《摩登时代》 Modern Times (Charlie Chaplin, 1936)

11. 《谋杀绿脚趾》The Big Lebowski (Joel and Ethan Coen, 1998)

10. 《将军号》The General (Clyde Bruckman and Buster Keaton, 1926)

9. 《摇滚万万岁》This Is Spinal Tap (Rob Reiner, 1984)

8. 《玩乐时间》Playtime (Jacques Tati, 1967)

7. 《空前绝后满天飞》 Airplane! (Jim Abrahams, David Zucker and Jerry Zucker, 1980)

6. 《布莱恩的一生》Life of Brian (Terry Jones, 1979)

5. 《鸭羹》Duck Soup (Leo McCarey, 1933)

4. 《土拨鼠之日》Groundhog Day (Harold Ramis, 1993)

3. 《安妮•霍尔》Annie Hall (Woody Allen, 1977)

2. 《奇爱博士》Dr Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (Stanley Kubrick, 1964)

1. 《热情似火》Some Like It Hot (Billy Wilder, 1959)

英文来源:BBC
翻译:刘博学(中国日报网爱新闻iNews译者)
编审:yaning

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